Tension in the horse can be due to many different reasons. Mechanical stress, diseases, hoof- tooth- and mouth problems are common causes of stress. To be able to remedy the tension, it is important to know the causes and how they are connected.
What does tension mean?
Muscular tonus is the same as muscle tension. These are divided into three different types: normal, hypertonic and hypotonic.
A natural muscular tonus is a natural tension in the muscles and fascia that is necessary to keep the body up in a neutral position. A hypertonic muscle that means excessive tension can cause muscle atrophy which causes the muscle tissue to diminish or be molded due to circulatory disorders. Hypotonic muscle, which is a weak tension, can also cause muscle atrophy. In the body there is always some muscle tension to be able to function; Which controls the tension in the muscles. Fascia is controlled by the nervous system, but tension can also be caused by stress (both physical and mental) and temperature. One shall remembered that pain gives tension in defense and a tense muscle is a weak muscle where the problem is usually not where it hurts the most. You can be more tender in places that are at ease.
Since horses find it difficult to express how they feel, it is relevant to know that there are different types of pain.
The lancinating pain is due to poor blood circulation and begins to itch when the circulation increases, which also the horses can experience.
A more dull, radiating or diffuse pain can be more difficult to pinpoint while the stabbing pain that has to do with nerve or joint pain can be expressed more clearly.
What causes tension?
There are many different causes of tension. Mechanical stress such as trauma, overworking, the horse’s asymmetry / imbalance or the equestrians imbalance, pain and pressure from saddle and equipment are some examples of external causes of tension.
Internal causes are pain from inside and may be due to injury or disease such as skeletal damage, colic symptoms, breathing problems, infections and such. It can also be hoof, tooth or mouth problems.
Why is it important to understand tension?
It is important to understand what tension is and what the causes are to help both the horse and oneself to find the right treatment and a better balance.
This means that you will get a renewed horse: sustainable, performs longer and in general with a better well-being. You also have a greater opportunity to influence the situation by continuously treating both yourself and the horse in order to avoid unnecessary pain.