Myofascia is the name given to the part of the connective tissue system (fascia) that separates and contains every muscle of the body. Very little attention has been paid to the connective tissue and its intimate anatomical associations to muscles such as the connections between muscles. The connective tissue is a three-dimensional interconnected network throughout the whole body. In traditional anatomy, muscles are described as single units having an origin, insertion, function and internal relation as well as being either agonistic or antagonistic (dynamic or opposing).
When adding the connecting function of the tissue (fascia) where it envelopes, links and synchronizes muscles at work, the tissue is affected by the movement of a muscle which then propagates further. Thus, muscles do not work isolated and independently but together linked by the connective tissue. The connective tissue’s functions includes for example recoil and shock absorption, as well as conserving energy to be used in explosive movement.
Both areolar (“loose” tissue/superficial fascia) and dense connective tissue and thereby fascia tissue, has been revealed through recent research in humans. It has been shown that this tissue plays an important role in the locomotive system and thereby has an influence on biomechanics and posture of humans and animals alike. When one sees that the healing of wounds result in stronger tissue (connective tissue) in the scarred area, which causes impaired mobility in that area, one can think about what happens inside the body’s fascia structure during prolonged strain and damage.
It is also important to consider the role of Myofascial tension to body balance and posture and not only think of muscles in terms of agonists and antagonists. There is increasing evidence that fascia plays an important role in movement perception and coordination. The fascia’s resistance plays a key role in tissue function.